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What Does PCP Mean in Medical Terms?

PCP Medical Abbreviation

PCP medical abbreviation: Pneumocystis jirovecii, formerly known as Pneumocystis carinii, is the causative agent of pneumocystis, which is what PCP stands for. It is one of the primary opportunistic infections, which was frequent and severe amongst the immunocompromised patients. The Pneumocystis Organisms refer to a collection of species that is outsized of atypical fungi. This fungus has a uniform/universal distribution and pulmonary tropism. This happens while every species features a strong specificity towards a given mammalian host species.

PCP medical abbreviation: In spite of the progress that was made in comprehending the human Pneumocystis Infection, there are still many aspects of its epidemiology and explanation which still remains obscure. Serologic studies have shown that specific antibodies to the pathogen are often detected in most youngsters early in life, which indicates frequent exposure to the present organism. Supporting this finding, the disease in immunocompromised persons has long been thought to result from reactivation of latent infection acquired in childhood. However, animal and human studies have shown that elimination of Pneumocystis often occurs after infection, which means that the persistence of latent organisms is restricted.

PCP medical abbreviation: As an alternative, the possibility that Pneumocystis is many a time transmitted from one person to another, has been questioned. This questing was followed after the reports of cluster outbreaks of PCP among solid-organ transplant and oncology patients were made. All of the evidence that supports the active or de novo airborne acquisition of the organism carried from human sources, has accumulated within a couple of years previously. This also includes evidence for different types of Pneumocystis genotypes in various episodes of PCP for the same patient. Furthermore, the Pneumocystis DNA was also sensed within the upper tract of the healthy participants after close contact with patients who had PCP along with air samples from the PCP patient’s rooms. Pneumocystis has also been found in immunosuppressed patients without PCP; these situations are described as Pneumocystis colonization or carriage.

The following are hypothesized to play a task as sources of Pneumocystis infection, such as immunodeficient carriers, transiently parasitized immunocompetent persons or PCP patients. There may be some early studies, which didn’t detect the organism in the postmortem lung samples or even the bronchoalveolar samples from immunocompetent adults. But a recent report made sure to indicate that Pneumocystis DNA is oftentimes detected in healthy infants as well.

PCP medical abbreviation: The ability to detect Pneumocystis in normal, healthy persons is because of the events of methods that are more sensitive. This condition is now detectible in the respiratory samples which are provided by performing noninvasive methods with the use of polymerase chain reaction (PCR) and immunofluorescence staining. With the use of these methods, the carriage of Pneumocystis was found between 10%-40% of immunocompetent patients who had a few different chronic lung diseases as well. From an epidemiologic point of view, a high prevalence is difficult to work out if PCP or the colonized immunosuppressed patients along with their close contacts are the sole sources of infection. This was concluded because the persistence of latent organisms in the lung appears to be time-limited. The hypothesis was tested that during a normal community environment healthy adults are often transiently colonized by Pneumocystis, and these persons play a task within the persistence of the organism within the human ecosystem. Identifying Pneumocystis sources is important to developing proper measures to stop a disease that also causes substantial illness and death among immunosuppressed patients.

PCP Stands for Pneumocystis Pneumonia

PCP stands for Pneumocystis Pneumonia: Pneumocystis jiroveci pneumonia may be a mycosis of the lungs. The disease was earlier called Pneumocystis carini or PCP pneumonia. This disease is an opportunistic fungal infection, which affects immunocompromised persons in the entire world. Children are exposed early in life, but immunocompetent hosts usually remain unaffected by the disease.

There were 11 cases of community-acquired Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia, that occurred between 1979-1981 and they also prompted the clinical and immunologic evaluation of the patients. The patients were young men and they consisted of drug abusers (7 patients), homosexuals (6), and both (2) present with the infection. Later, indeed, the occurrence of PCP medical abbreviation among a gaggle of otherwise healthy young men within the early 1980s led astute physicians to hunt an underlying etiology according to profound immune damage and was the primary description of AIDS.

What Does PCP Mean in Medical Terms?

What does PCP mean in medical terms? PCP stands for Pneumocystis pneumonia, and it may be a serious infection caused by the fungus Pneumocystis jirovecii. Most of the people who get PCP have a medical condition that weakens their system, like HIV/AIDS or take medicines (such as corticosteroids) that lower the body’s ability to fight germs and sickness. Within the US, people with HIV/AIDS are less likely to have PCP today than before the supply of Antiretroviral Therapy (ART). However, PCP remains a considerable public ill-health. Much of the knowledge we have about PCP and its treatment comes from the care given to patients with HIV/AIDS.

PCP medical abbreviation: Scientists have changed both the classification and therefore the name of this organism since it first appeared in patients with HIV within the 1980s. Pneumocystis jirovecii was earlier classified as a protozoan but is now considered a fungus, it was earlier referred to as Pneumocystis carinii, which is what PCP stands for. When scientists renamed P. carinii to P. jirovecii, some people considered calling it ‘PJP,’ but to avoid confusion, Pneumocystis jirovecii pneumonia remains as PCP medical abbreviation.

Understanding the Medical Terminology PCP, Pneumocystis Pneumonia

Understanding the Medical Terminology PCP, Pneumocystis Pneumonia: Before the epidemic of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) within the early 1980s, Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) was a rare infection that occurred in immunosuppressed patients with protein malnutrition or acute leukemia, or in patients who were receiving corticosteroid therapy. This infection is now most ordinarily related to advanced human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) infection.

PCP medical abbreviation: The appearance of medical terminology PCP in previously healthy gay men was one among the initial signs of the emergence of AIDS. PCP was earlier the AIDS-defining illness in 60% of cases. Moreover, it eventually affected 80% of patients with AIDS. The earlier diagnosis of HIV, antiretroviral therapy, and effective prophylaxis have all contributed to a 75% no in cases, although PCP remains the foremost common AIDS-defining illness. People at particularly high risk are non-compliant patients, intravenous drug users, and persons whose HIV serostatus is unknown. Intolerance of anti-pneumocystis agents is common, making management challenges.

Controversy exists over whether medical terminology PCP represents reactivation of infection acquired early in life or whether repeated exposure and reinfection cause the disease. The experiments made on animals that were immunosuppressed along with the reports of case clusters support the second theory.

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Content for MD:
PCP medical abbreviation – PCP stands for pneumocystis pneumonia, which is a lung inflammation caused by the growth of Pneumocystis carinii.

 

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